Standardization in the United States
of current activities and strategic issues
Updated September 30, 2002
Standards for trade in services have increasing strategic implications for any business aspiring to compete in a global marketplace for services.
In early 2002, GTW Associates completed research on Services Standardization in the United States for the German National Standards Body DIN. DIN is overall coordinator for a project entitled Service-Standards for Global Markets supported by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research. (November, 2001 Press Release by the American National Standards Institute).
The European Commission DG Enterprises also recently contracted with the German Fraunhofer ISI, Department for Technology Analysis and Innovation Strategies for another study Standards in the Service Sectors: An Explorative Study The European Parliament and the Council have requested the Commission to present by 2003 a report on the safety of services, accompanied by appropriate proposals. On August 16, 2002 DG Enterprises Called for Tenders nº 126437-2002 (ENTR/02/52) Application of Directive 98/34/EC (Product Safety) to services
The European Union recognizes the role of standards as potential impediments to International Trade in Services Study published 2001 Barriers to Trade in Services (Complete Study) (Appendices) On July 1 the EU presented its initial requests for improved market access on services to other World Trade Organisation members in Geneva as part of the GATS. The requests address the following sectors: professional services, other business services, telecommunications, postal and courier services, distribution, construction and related engineering services, financial services, environmental services, tourism, news agency services and energy services.
GTW delivered the Final Report on US services standards to DIN in April, 2002 DIN has authorized the public release of the data which are available below for download (complete and chapter by chapter) Service Standardization in the United States Overview of current activities and issues submitted to DIN in March 2002 or Table of Contents and Executive Summary only
GTW Associates presented "Overview of US services Standards" (Presentation text) (powerpoint presentation) during a DIN-hosted 2 day conference in Berlin Service Standards for Global Markets September 30 and October 1, 2002. in Berlin. See also Detailed programOn July 1, 2002 U.S. also submitted Proposals for Liberalizing Trade in Services The US included detailed proposals in the following services sectors
On September 19 the OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE Requested public Comments and announced a Public Hearing Concerning Market Access in the Doha Development Agenda Negotiations in the World Trade Organization (WTO) October 21 and November 6 specifically requesting recommendations for negotiating objectives and examples of impediments to trade in services
for Services Management International
The paper presents the legacy and precedent –setting impact of the ISO 9000 quality system standard for global product markets. The paper documents the parallel approach taken within the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade and the General Agreement on Trade in Services that could convey similar market power to international standards relevant to “services” That countries and regional economies develop and promote strategic standards initiatives on behalf of local suppliers is demonstrated through regulatory and research activities of the European Commission. Services in the US Economy account for 78% of US gross domestic product compared to 22% for goods. The United states leads the world trade in services with a market share of 20%. And in 1999, the US produced an $80 Billion surplus of trade in services while trade in merchandise produced a 348 Billion deficit! Global services standards initiatives now under consideration could become the International standards of the future … The strategic question is not “if” such standards will come to pass, the strategic question is who will write them and what will they require.