Recent Focus of GTW Research 
High Stakes of Standards Policy and Strategy in the global Market 
Intellectual Property Rights,  Antitrust and Standards 
Strategic Policy Studies that have shaped the US Voluntary Standards System
Words to Ponder



Recent Focus of GTW Research 

  Intellectual Property Rights Policies of selected standards developers  October  2004

Criteria for the Evaluation of a patent policy for a Standards Setting Organization October 2004


Excerpts of "recommendations" from 4 studies of IPR issues in standards setting referenced in GTW paper "Patent policies and standards setting: The issues. What is going on? Why should I  care?
  Research Publications from Study "Rule-Bound and Autonomous: Specifying the Conditions for the Successful Implementation of the Worldwide Quality Assurance Standard ISO 9000" (supported in part from a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF), Decision, Risk Analysis, and Management Division (SES-9905604) The Business Implications of Standards  presented at  the September 16, 2004  conference The Future of Standards Setting, Legal Marketplace and Consumer Implications at the US Chamber of Commerce in Washington.


International Services Standards in your Future? presented to the Association for Services Management International (AFSMI) Global Standards Challenges for the Services Business Sector February 15, 2003


Intellectual Property Rights,  Antitrust and Standards References


Government Precedents,  Actions,   and public and private sector litigation  involving standards setting and IPR and Antitrust


Current Topics in IPR Protection in the Context of Global Standard-Setting Processes   in  the October 2004 edition of the World Intellectual Property Rights Organization Small and Medium sizes Enterprises  (SME)  SME newsletter




Intellectual Property Rights Policies of selected standards developers  2009


Approaches to influence the IPR policies and practices in US and Global standards setting June 2002 


Criteria for the Evaluation of a patent policy for a Standards Setting Organization October 2004


Intellectual Property Rights as a Factor in the Development of Standards Updated January, 1998


Legislative and Regulatory Underpinnings of US Standards Activities. April, 2000 This report  presents The National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995; US OMB policy A119 Federal Participation in the Development and Use of Voluntary Consensus Standards and in Conformity Assessment Activities; and the standards-relevant texts of the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade, the Agreement on Government Procurement and the North American Free Trade Agreement  


The National Cooperative Research and Production Act and US Antitrust law applicable to standards setting 


High Stakes of Standards Policy and Strategy in the global Market 

International Standards: At the Crossroads
Posted January, 1998
Consortia or Consensus? October, 1996
Standards... an Essential Component of Corporate Business Strategy
Posted October, 1996
International Standards: At the Cross Roads;  Standard View Vol 5, No. 4, December 1997; Association for Computing Machinery


Strategic  US, EU and Global Standards Policy Documents Fall, 2010 

  US Standards Policy Documents

EU Standards Policy Documents  International Standards Policy Documents 

US  National Standards Strategy     

Overview of European Approach to Regulations and Standards

Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade;      

United States and European Commission  Guidelines for Increased Regulatory Cooperation and Transparency     The role of European standardisation in the framework of european policies and legislation October 18, 2004 General Agreement on Trade in Services
ANSI MOU with OSHA January 19, 2001     

"Actions taken following the Resolutions on European Standardisation adopted by the Council and the European Parliament in 1999"  - COM (2001) 527   

August 2002 Publication  WTO Agreements and Public Health explains how WTO Agreements relate to different aspects of health policies

OMB Circular A-119  United States and European Commission   Guidelines for Increased Regulatory Cooperation and Transparency 


ANSI MOU with NIST December 27, 2000   ` Commission Staff Working Paper SEC(2001) 1296 of 2001-07-26 "European Policy Principles on International Standardisation"  SECOND TRIENNIAL REVIEW OF THE OPERATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AGREEMENT ON TECHNICAL BARRIERS TO TRADE
NATIONAL CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT PRINCIPLES FOR THE UNITED STATES  February 13, 2002  Conclusions on Standardization by the Council of EU

WT/DS231R 29 May 2002  presentation of evidence of the failure of the European Communities to base the Regulation at issue on the international standard

NIST  Guidelines for Federal Agencies on Conformity Assessment Community External Trade Policy in the Field of  Standards and Conformity Assessment  TBT Code of Good Practice
  Directive 98/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 June 1998 laying down a procedure for the provision of information in the field of technical standards and regulations Decision of the Committee on Principles for the Development of Internationaal Standards Guides and Recommendations


Conformity Assessment as a factor in Global Competition

Legal and Market Place Incentives for Suppliers Declaration of Conformity April, 2000  product labeling, market surveillance  and product liability considerations in bringing a product to market in the United States and Europe are intended as basic introduction to the legal and marketplace incentives encouraging manufacturers to build products complying with relevant mandatory and voluntary marketplace requirements and labeling them so when appropriate
Accreditation Status of Product Certification, Testing Laboratories, and Personnel Certification Programs in the North American Marketplace (with embedded hyperlinks to important North American Conformity Assessment Accreditation data sources)  
"Value of Management Systems Certification" presented September 2001 at the IFAN conference in Berlin
Potential for International Co-operation and Reduction of Trade Barriers arising from Technical Requirements and Conformity Assessment procedures in the Telecommunications Sector Completed February 2002 for the OECD Trade Committee


Doing business in the United States of America Facilitating conformity assessment Guide to the mutual recognition agreement between the European Community and the United States of America March 2001 Completed for the European Commission and Presentation at  the BEAMA  Mutual Recognition Agreements Conference The MRAS associated with the VL, EMC & R&TTE Directives July 2, 2001

Standards & Conformance for Productivity & Market Acceptance for the Singapore Productivity and Standards Board


The ISA, which was developed by Customs under its regulatory audit authority, allows interested importers to assess their own compliance with Customs laws and regulations.  


Summary Information on activities of UN/ECE Working Party 6 on Technical Harmonization and Standardization Policies  (Working Party 6)



Strategic Policy Studies that have shaped the US Voluntary Standards System

Standards, Conformity Assessment, and Trade: Into the 21st Century - The 1995 Report of the National Research Council International Standards, Conformity Assessment, and U.S. Trade Policy Project Committee chaired by Gary C. Hufbauer, Chairman, Reginald Jones Senior Fellow, Institute for International Economics, Washington, D.C. This significant assessment of the United States Standards and Conformity Assessment Infrastructure was foundation for the US standards policy legislation contained in the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995.Posted July, 1998 U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Global Standards: Building Blocks for the Future   - This study, completed in 1992 by Project Director Linda Garcia considered the U.S. standards setting process in light of the changing economic and technological environment. Looking across industry sectors, the study compared the U.S. system with those of other countries, particularly the European Union. Where remedies seemed to be warranted, OTA suggested alternative strategies and options that the United States might pursue. Posted June, 1998 Federal Trade Commission Standards and Certification Final Staff Report April 1983  ... In December, 1978, the Federal Trade Commission initiated a rulemaking proceeding to examine the extent of possible Federal Trade Commission Action violation (unfair methods of competition and unfair or deception acts or practices) in standards development and certification. To remedy these practices, staff recommends case-by case enforcement  of Section 5 of the FTC Act coupled with an unfair methods of competition rule under 6(g) of that Act.

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