October 30, 2010
International standards and trade policy strategic
What is an International Standardizing Body? Fundamentally, whether a standard is relevant, effective and appropriate in fulfilling a Member’s particular regulatory or market need is not determined by which body developed it. Further, greater harmonization results from increased worldwide use of a standard, and that use is directly attributable to relevance, effectiveness and appropriateness of the standard itself in meeting a specific need. Contribution by US to June 2010 NAMA meetings on NTBs following meetings during the week of November 4 through 6 2009 on Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA) in the Doha Trade round. Non Tariff Barriers to Trade are a significant topic within the negotiations.
Associates Willingmyre presented "Global
Standards for Global Trade: Fact versus Fiction" to
the International Trade Commission October 6.
IPR in Standards: GTW Associates President Willingmyre participated in the General Assembly of IFAN and the October 5 meeting of IFAN WG17 on IP and Standards preparing a survey of IFAN members experience in this regard.
Two US studies of IP policies in standards are
about to begin. One commissioned by the National Institute
of Standards and Technology will focus on ex ante IP policies and
experience. The US PTO requested proposals Spring 2010
for a Comparative
Study on Intellectual Property Management
On November 1 The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) announced that ISO 26000, Guidance on social responsibility, is available on the ANSI webstore. This standard integrates international expertise on social responsibility (SR), detailing what it means, what issues organizations need to address to operate in a socially responsible manner, and what the best practices are for implementing SR effectively and efficiently. A helpful private sector site with background on the work is maintained by retired Siemens Corporation standards Executive Guido Guertler A helpful private sector site with background on the work is maintained by retired Siemens Corporation standards Executive Guido Guertler
UL Environment, in partnership with Greener World Media, offered for public review for 45 days (closed September 15) a sustainability standard that will be used to assess corporate policies and practices, known as the ULE 880 - Sustainability for Manufacturing Organizations
Social Accountability International (SAI) is a non-governmental, multi-stakeholder organization whose mission is to advance the human rights of workers around the world. It partners to advance the human rights of workers and to eliminate sweatshops by promoting ethical working conditions, labor rights, corporate social responsibility and social dialogue. SAI maintains the standards Social Accountability 8000 (SA 8000)
AccountAbility's AA1000 series are another choice of accountability standards based standards offered by "AccountAbility" to help organisations become more accountable, responsible and sustainable. They address issues affecting governance, business models and organizational strategy, as well as providing operational guidance on sustainability assurance and stakeholder engagement.
The United States Trade Representative's office released this year two important compilations of non tariff barriers to trade facing US Exporters
The WTO Secretariat completed a TRADE POLICY REVIEW Report UNITED STATES WT/TPR/S/235 25 August 2010 including a comprehensive description of development of technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures in the USSmart Grid Standards The National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST advised the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) that it has identified five "foundational" sets of standards for Smart Grid interoperability and cyber security that are ready for consideration by federal and state energy regulators. In an October 6, 2010 letter to FERC Chairman Jon Wellinghoff, NIST's national coordinator for Smart Grid interoperability, George Arnold, said the standards "are essential to uniform and interoperable communication systems throughout the grid and will accommodate the evolution of the grid and the integration of new technologies."
The Smart Grid Interoperability Panel met in a virtual meeting October 29 Smart Grid Testing and Certification Committee SGTCC presentation described a document Interoperability Process Reference Manual (IPRM) to be made available for review shortly. This manual will describe a "Framework" including the concept of an "Interoperability" Brand and support for Interoperability Testing and Certification Authorities (ITCAs) The ITCAs would be measured by criteria defined in the (IPRM) by accreditors that might be NIST or ANSI. The ITCAs would certify products submitted by suppliers to be "Interoperable"
The National Science and Technology Council Technology Committee committee establsihed a Subcommittee on Standards (SoS) whose charter was recently approved. The SoS committee is charged with providing high-level leadership to federal agencies to ensure they are strategically focused and actively engaged on critical standards-related issues. Gallagher provided insight to the preliminary steps of the SoS committee in a presentation
SCP and Global Government Procurement Policy involving
standards policy to be addressed at the ANSI
Intellectual Property Rights Policy Committee meeting November
17, 2010. Mr.
Willingmyre will update the ANSI IPR PC on
IPR-related standards activities of the Internet
Governance Forum (“IGF”) Forum and the World Intellectual
Property Organization ("WIPO") Standing Committee on
the Law Patents meeting held
GTW on Open Source Software and RAND Betwixt and Between: Open source software and RAND standards development patent policies GTW Associates at TalkStandards on Line Forum August 26, 2010