Current Developments in standards related to fuel cells and delivery of hydrogen

Proprietary Report for the New Energy and Industrial Development Organization, March 2003 

The report takes the form of a Table of  Standards Activities Related to Fuel Cells (as of March 31, 2003)  identifying the hydrogen and fuel cell activities of 21 organizations active in this field.  The table presents for each of the 21 organizations the name of the organization, a summary of its standards activities and identification of specific standards (where possible); a point of contact; and links to further relevant web sites or reference papers on the work of the organization. 

The organizations fall into several categories. The majority of organizations are principal developers of standards  ANSI/CSA; API; ASME; ASTM; CSA; DOD; ICC; IEC; IEEE; ISO; NACE; NFPA; SAE; UL. Others of the organizations are organizations of interested parties who track and participate in standards activities of other organizations  API; NHA;  USFCC.  Some of the organizations are government entities or have as a principal objective regulatory matters   CaFC; DOE; EIHP; IHIG; UNECE

 The information was developed using a variety of tools. The National Standards Standards Network of the ANSI  http://www.nssn.org/  produced a number of standards using terms such as “Hydrogen”  and “Fuel Cell.” Phone interviews were conducted with the API; the SAE; DOE and the USFCC .  Extensive web searches produced many links to the key organizations.  

The DOE and the NHA  have cooperated in producing a HYDROGEN CODES, STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS MATRIX.    Editions dated June 2002 and August 2002 are available for reference.  Of particular interest is a proposed taxonomy of standards and regulations that may be helpful to place various standards initiatives in context with one another.  

Taxonomy employed in the DOE and NHA HYDROGEN CODES, STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS MATRIX

1.0 STATIONARY APPLICATIONS Residential, Commercial and Government Buildings and Utility Applications) 

1.1 Fuel Cells

1.2 Fuel Processor/Reformer

1.3 Fuels for Fuel Cells (Focusing on H2)

1.4 Fuel Storage and Dispensing (Focus on H2)

1.5 Safety Systems

1.6 Interfacing (with Building or Utility Interconnection)

1.7 Issues Relating to or Use of Rejected Heat

1.8 O&M Issues, Operating Instructions and Safety

1.9 Testing and Evaluation Procedures

1.10 Other Issues 

2.0 TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 

2.1 Fuel Cells

2.2 Fuel Processor/Reformers

2.3 Internal Combustion Engines (ICEs)

2.4 Fuels for Fuel Cells and Hydrogen ICEs

2.5 Fuel Storage and Fueling Equipment (on Board)

2.6 Hydrogen System Interfacings with Vehicle

2.7 Safety Systems

2.8 O & M Issues, Operating Instructions and Safety

2.9 Testing and Evaluation Procedures 

3.0 PORTABLE APPLICATIONS (For Buildings Applications) 

3.1 Fuel Cells (Packaged Systems)

3.2 Fuel Processor/Reformers

3.3 Hydrogen Generators

3.4 Fuels for Fuel Cells

3.5 Fuel Storage, Ancillary Equipment and Dispensing (At the End Use)

3.6 Interfaces Between Portable System and End-Use

3.7 Safety Systems

3.8 O&M, Operating Instructions and Safety Issues

3.9 Testing and Evaluation Procedures 

4.0 HYDROGEN INFRASTRUCTURE 

4.1 Hydrogen Production

4.2 Hydrogen Transportation and Distribution

4.3 Hydrogen Storage

4.4 Refueling Stations

4.5 Service and Repair Facilities

4.6 Buildings

4.7 Safety, Emergency Response and Other Issues 

5.0 CODES AND STANDARDS OF REGULATORY AND QUASI-REGULATORY ORGANIZATIONS 

5.1 US Department of Transportation

5.2 Occupational Health and Safety Administration

5.3 European Integrated Hydrogen Project

 


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